Tropical Cyclone Naming

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Natural hazards

 

WMO maintains rotating lists of names which are appropriate for each Tropical Cyclone basin. If a cyclone is particularly deadly or costly, then its name is retired and replaced by another one.

Tropical cyclones can last for a week or more; therefore there can be more than one cyclone at a time. Weather forecasters give each tropical cyclone a name to avoid confusion. Each year, tropical cyclones receive names in alphabetical order. Women and men’s names are alternated. The name list is proposed by the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of WMO Members of a specific region, and approved by the respective tropical cyclone regional bodies at their annual/biennual sessions. Nations in the western North Pacific began using a new system for naming tropical cyclones in 2000.

 
 

Group horizontal tab

  • Historical Background(active tab)
  • Procedure of Naming Tropical Cyclones
 

Tropical Cyclone Names Worldwide

The six lists are used in rotation and the 2019 list will be used again in 2025.

NB April 2020: Considerations for 2019 storm name retirements was not completed and will be addressed at the 2021 meeting (43rd session) of the WMO Regional Association IV Hurricane Committee, as the 2019 names will not be used again until 2025. The 2025 name list will not be updated until the 2021 meeting has been completed.

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

Andrea

Arthur

Ana

Alex

Arlene

Alberto

Barry

Bertha

Bill

Bonnie

Bret

Beryl

Chantal

Cristobal

Claudette

Colin

Cindy

Chris

Dorian

Dolly

Danny

Danielle

Don

Debby

Erin

Edouard

Elsa

Earl

Emily

Ernesto

Fernand

Fay

Fred

Fiona

Franklin

Francine

Gabrielle

Gonzalo

Grace

Gaston

Gert

Gordon

Humberto

Hanna

Henri

Hermine

Harold

Helene

Imelda

Isaias

Ida

Ian

Idalia

Isaac

Jerry

Josephine

Julian

Julia

Jose

Joyce

Karen

Kyle

Kate

Karl

Katia

Kirk

Lorenzo

Laura

Larry

Lisa

Lee

Leslie

Melissa

Marco

Mindy

Martin

Margot

Milton

Nestor

Nana

Nicholas

Nicole

Nigel

Nadine

Olga

Omar

Odette

Owen

Ophelia

Oscar

Pablo

Paulette

Peter

Paula

Philippe

Patty

Rebekah

Rene

Rose

Richard

Rina

Rafael

Sebastien

Sally

Sam

Shary

Sean

Sara

Tanya

Teddy

Teresa

Tobias

Tammy

Tony

Van

Vicky

Victor

Virginie

Vince

Valerie

Wendy

Wilfred

Wanda

Walter

Whitney

William

 

The six lists are used in rotation and the 2019 list will be used again in 2025.

NB April 2020: Considerations for 2019 storm name retirements was not completed and will be addressed at the 2021 meeting (43rd session), as the 2019 names will not be used again until 2025. The 2025 name list will not be updated until the 2021 meeting has been completed.

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

Alvin

Amanda

Andres

Agatha

Adrian

Aletta

Barbara

Boris

Blanca

Blas

Beatriz

Bud

Cosme

Cristina

Carlos

Celia

Calvin

Carlotta

Dalila

Douglas

Dolores

Darby

Dora

Daniel

Erick

Elida

Enrique

Estelle

Eugene

Emilia

Flossie

Fausto

Felicia

Frank

Fernanda

Fabio

Gil

Genevieve

Guillermo

Georgette

Greg

Gilma

Henriette

Hernan

Hilda

Howard

Hilary

Hector

Ivo

Iselle

Ignacio

Ivette

Irwin

Ileana

Juliette

Julio

Jimena

Javier

Jova

John

Kiko

Karina

Kevin

Kay

Kenneth

Kristy

Lorena

Lowell

Linda

Lester

Lidia

Lane

Mario

Marie

Marty

Madeline

Max

Miriam

Narda

Norbert

Nora

Newton

Norma

Norman

Octave

Odalys

Olaf

Orlene

Otis

Olivia

Priscilla

Polo

Pamela

Paine

Pilar

Paul

Raymond

Rachel

Rick

Roslyn

Ramon

Rosa

Sonia

Simon

Sandra

Seymour

Selma

Sergio

Tico

Trudy

Terry

Tina

Todd

Tara

Velma

Vance

Vivian

Virgil

Veronica

Vicente

Wallis

Winnie

Waldo

Winifred

Wiley

Willa

Xina

Xavier

Xina

Xavier

Xina

Xavier

York

Yolanda

York

Yolanda

York

Yolanda

Zelda

Zeke

Zelda

Zeke

Zelda

Zeke

The names are used one after the other. When the bottom of one list is reached, the next name is the top of the next list.

Central North Pacific Names

List 1
List 2
List 3
List 4
Akoni
Ema
Hone
Iona
Keli
Lala
Moke
Nolo
Olana
Pena
Ulana
Wale
Aka
Ekeka
Hene
Iolana
Keoni
Lino
Mele
Nona
Oliwa
Pama
Upana
Wene
Alika
Ele
Huko
Iopa
Kika
Lana
Maka
Neki
Omeka
Pewa
Unala
Wali
Ana
Ela
Halola
Iune
Kilo
Loke
Malia
Niala
Oho
Pali
Ulika
Walaka
The Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre (RSMC) Tokyo – Typhoon Centre will assign a tropical cyclone a name from the list followed by a 4-digit identification number (in brackets). Names on the list will only be given to tropical cyclones of tropical storm strength or above.These names are used sequentially. That is, if the last storm of the year is Cimaron, the first storm of the next year is Jebi.
 
 

Contributed by

I

II

III

IV

V

Name

Name

Name

Name

Name

Cambodia

Damrey

Kong-rey

Nakri

Krovanh

Trases

China

Haikui

Yutu

Fengshen

Dujuan

Mulan

DPR Korea

Kirogi

Toraji

Kalmaegi

Surigae

Meari

Hong Kong, China

Yun-yeung

Man-yi

Fung-wong

Choi-wan

Ma-on

Japan

Koinu

Usagi

Kammuri

Koguma

Tokage

Lao PDR

Bolaven

Pabuk

Phanfone

Champi

Hinnamnor

Macao, China

Sanba

Wutip

Vongfong

In-fa

Muifa

Malaysia

Jelawat

Sepat

Nuri

Cempaka

Merbok

Micronesia

Ewiniar

Mun

Sinlaku

Nepartak

Nanmadol

Philippines

Maliksi

Danas

Hagupit

Lupit

Talas

RO Korea

Gaemi

Nari

Jangmi

Mirinae

Noru

Thailand

Prapiroon

Wipha

Mekkhala

Nida

Kulap

U.S.A.

Maria

Francisco

Higos

Omais

Roke

Viet Nam

Son-Tinh

Lekima

Bavi

Conson

Sonca

Cambodia

Ampil

Krosa

Maysak

Chanthu

Nesat

China

Wukong

Bailu

Haishen

Dianmu

Haitang

DPR Korea

Jongdari

Podul

Noul

Mindulle

Nalgae

Hong Kong, China

Shanshan

Lingling

Dolphin

Lionrock

Banyan

Japan

Yagi

Kajiki

Kujira

Kompasu

Yamaneko

Lao PDR

Leepi

Faxai

Chan-hom

Namtheun

Pakhar

Macao, China

Bebinca

Peipah

Linfa

Malou

Sanvu

Malaysia

Rumbia

Tapah

Nangka

Nyatoh

Mawar

Micronesia

Soulik

Mitag

Saudel

Rai

Guchol

Philippines

Cimaron

Hagibis

Molave

Malakas

Talim

RO Korea

Jebi

Neoguri

Goni

Megi

Doksuri

Thailand

Mangkhut

Bualoi

Atsani

Chaba

Khanun

U.S.A.

Barijat

Matmo

Etau

Aere

Lan

Viet Nam

Trami

Halong

Vamco

Songda

Saola

 
 
 

The single list of names that are used by all of the Bureau of Meteorology Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWC) was introduced for the start of the 2008/09 season, replacing the three lists that existed previously. First name used for the 2008/2009 season is Anika, then Billy, etc.

The name of a new tropical cyclone is usually selected from this list of names. If a named cyclone moves into the Australian region from another country’s zone of responsibility, the name assigned by that other country will be retained. The names are normally chosen in sequence, when the list is exhausted, we return to the start of the list.

 

 

Australia TCWC’s Area of Responsibility

A
B
C

D
E
F
G

H
I

J
K
L

M
N
O
PQ
R
S

T
UV

WXYZ

Anika
Billy
Charlotte
Dominic
Ellie
Freddy
Gabrielle
Herman
Ilsa
Jasper
Kirrily
Lincoln
Megan
Neville
Olga
Paul
Robyn
Sean
Tasha
Vince
Zelia
Anthony
Bianca
Courtney
Dianne
Errol
Fina
Grant
Hayley
Iggy
Jenna
Koji
Luana
Mitchell
Narelle
Oran
Peta
Riordan
Sandra
Tim
Victoria
Zane
Alessia
Bruce
Catherine
Dylan
Edna
Fletcher
Gillian
Hadi
Ivana
Jack
Kate
Laszlo
Mingzhu
Nathan
Olwyn
Quincey
Raquel
Stan
Tatjana
Uriah
Yvette
Alfred
Blanche
Caleb
Dara
Ernie
Frances
Greg
Hilda
Irving
Joyce
Kelvin
Linda
Marco
Nora
Owen
Penny
Riley
Savannah
Trevor
Veronica
Wallace
Ann
Blake
Claudia
Damien
Esther
Ferdinand
Gretel
Harold
Imogen
Joshua
Kimi
Lucas
Marian
Niran
Odette
Paddy
Ruby
Seth
Tiffany
Vernon

 

 

Lists A, B, C, and D are used sequentially one after the other. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year. List E is a list of replacement names if they become necessary. Wellington TCWC will name the cyclone, in consultation with RSMC Nadi, by using the next name from RSMC Nadi’s list, if a tropical cyclone in the Wellington TCWC’s area of responsibility, Wellington.
 

RSMC Nadi’s Area of Responsibility

List A
List B
List C
List D
 List E (standby)
Ana
Bina
Cody
Dovi
Eva
Fili
Gina
Hale
Irene
Judy
Kevin
Lola
Mal
Nat
Osai
Pita
Rae
Seru
Tam
Urmil
Vaianu
Wati
Xavier
Yani
Zita
Arthur
Becky
Chip
Denia
Elisa
Fotu
Glen
Hettie
Innis
Julie
Ken
Lin
Maciu
Nisha
Orea
Pearl
Rene
Sarah
Troy
Uinita
Vanessa
Wano

 

Yvonne
Zaka

Alvin
Bune
Cyril
Daphne
Eden
Florin
Garry
Haley
Isa
June
Kofi
Louise
Mike
Niko
Opeti
Perry
Reuben
Solo
Tuni
Ulu
Victor
Wanita

 

Yates
Zidane

Amos
Bart
Crystal
Donna
Ella
Fehi
Garth
Hola
Iris
Jo
Kala
Liua
Mona
Neil
Oma
Pola
Rita
Sarai
Tino
Uesi
Vicky
Wasi

 

Yolanda
Zazu

Aru
Ben
Chris
Danial
Emosi
Feki
Germaine
Hart
Ili
Josese
Kirio
Lute
Mata
Neta
Olivia
Pana
Rex
Samadiyo
Tasi
Uila
Velma
Wane

 

Yasa
Zanna

The name of a new tropical cyclone is determined by sequential cycling through List A.  Standby List B is used to replace retired names in List A and any replacement will be added to the bottom of List A to maintain the alphabetical order.
 

Port Moresby TCWC’s Area of Responsibility

List A
List B (standby)

Alu
Buri
Dodo
Emau
Fere
Hibu
Ila
Kama
Lobu
Maila

Nou
Obaha
Paia
Ranu
Sabi
Tau
Ume
Vali
Wau
Auram

​The name of a new tropical cyclone is determined by sequential cycling through List A.  Standby List B is used to replace retired names in List A and any replacement will be added to the bottom of List A to maintain the alphabetical order.
 

Jakarta TCWc’s Area of Responsibility

List A
List B (standby)

Anggrek
Bakung
Cempaka
Dahlia
Flamboyan
Kenanga
Lili
Mangga
Seroja
Teratai

Anggur
Belimbing
Duku
Jambu
Lengkeng
Melati
Nangka
Pisang
Rambuta
Sawo

The WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones (hereafter the Panel) at its twenty-seventh Session held in 2000 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, agreed in principal to assign names to the tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. The naming of the tropical cyclones over north Indian Ocean commenced from September 2004, with names provided by eight Members. Since then, five countries have joined the Panel.

  • The Panel Member’s names are listed alphabetically country wise.
  • The names will be used sequentially column wise.
  • The first name will start from the first row of column one and continue sequentially to the last row in the column thirteen.
  • The names of tropical cyclones over the north Indian Ocean will not be repeated, once used it will cease to be used again. The name should be new. It should not be there in the already existing list of any of the RSMCs worldwide including RSMC New Delhi.
  • The name of a tropical cyclone from south China Sea which crosses Thailand and emerge into the Bay of Bengal as a Tropical cyclone will not be changed.

The RSMC New Delhi Tropical Cyclone Center is responsible to name the tropical cyclones that have formed over the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea when they have reached the relevant intensity.

In 2020, the first name to be used will be the one not used yet from the list below: Amphan.

Contributors
List 1
List 2
List 3
List 4
 List 5 List 6 List 7 List 8
Bangladesh
India
Maldives
Myanmar
Oman
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Thailand
Onil
Agni
Hibaru
Pyarr
Baaz
Fanoos
Mala
Mukda
Ogni
Akash
Gonu
Yemyin
Sidr
Nargis
Rashmi
Khai Muk
Nisha
Bijli
Aila
Phyan
Ward
Laila
Bandu
Phet
Giri
Jal
Keila
Thane
Murjan
Nilam
Viyaru
Phailin
Helen
Lehar
Madi
Nanauk
Hudhud
Nilofar
Ashobaa
Komen
Chapala
Megh
Roanu
Kyant
Nada
Vardah
Maarutha
Mora
Ockhi
Sagar
Mekunu
Daye
Luban
Titli
Gaja
Phethai

Fani
Vayu
Hikaa
Kyarr
Maha
Bulbul
Pawan
Amphan

 

After Amphan, the names to be used will be taken from the list below, starting with Nisarga, then Gati, Nivar, etc.

WMO/ESCAP Panel  Member countries

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Column 4

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Bangladesh

Nisarga

Nisarga

Biparjoy

Biporjoy

Arnab

Ornab

Upakul

Upokul

India

Gati

Gati

Tej

Tej

Murasu

Murasu

Aag

Aag

Iran

Nivar

Nivar

Hamoon

Hamoon

Akvan

Akvan

Sepand

Sepand

Maldives

Burevi

Burevi

Midhili

Midhili

Kaani

Kaani

Odi

Odi

Myanmar

Tauktae

Tau’Te

Michaung

Migjaum

Ngamann

Ngaman

Kyarthit

Kjathi

Oman

Yaas

Yass

Remal

Re-Mal

Sail

Sail

Naseem

Naseem

Pakistan

Gulab

Gul-Aab

Asna

As-Na

Sahab

Sa-Hab

Afshan

Af-Shan

Qatar

Shaheen

Shaheen

Dana

Dana

Lulu

Lulu

Mouj

Mouj

Saudi Arabia

Jawad

Jowad

Fengal

Feinjal

Ghazeer

Razeer

Asif

Aasif

Sri Lanka

Asani

Asani

Shakhti

Shakhti

Gigum

Gigum

Gagana

Gagana

Thailand

Sitrang

Si-Trang

Montha

Mon-Tha

Thianyot

Thian-Yot

Bulan

Bu-Lan

United Arab Emirates

Mandous

Man-Dous

Senyar

Sen-Yaar

Afoor

Aa-Foor

Nahhaam

Nah-Haam

Yemen

Mocha

Mokha

Ditwah

Ditwah

Diksam

Diksam

Sira

Sira

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WMO/ESCAP Panel  Member countries

Column 5

Column 6

Column 7

Column 8

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Bangladesh

Barshon

Borshon

Rajani

Rojoni

Nishith

Nishith

Urmi

Urmi

India

Vyom

Vyom

Jhar

Jhaar

Probaho

Probaho

Neer

Neer

Iran

Booran

Booran

Anahita

Anahita

Azar

Azar

Pooyan

Pooyan

Maldives

Kenau

Kenau

Endheri

Endheri

Riyau

Riyau

Guruva

Guruva

Myanmar

Sapakyee

Zabagji

Wetwun

We’wum

Mwaihout

Mwei’hau

Kywe

Kjwe

Oman

Muzn

Muzn

Sadeem

Sadeem

Dima

Dima

Manjour

Manjour

Pakistan

Manahil

Ma-Na-Hil

Shujana

Shu-Ja-Na

Parwaz

Par-Waaz

Zannata

Zan Naa Ta

Qatar

Suhail

Es’hail

Sadaf

Sadaf

Reem

Reem

Rayhan

Rayhan

Saudi Arabia

Sidrah

Sadrah

Hareed

Haareed

Faid

Faid

Kaseer

Kusaer

Sri Lanka

Verambha

Ve-Ram-Bha

Garjana

Garjana

Neeba

Neeba

Ninnada

Nin-Na-Da

Thailand

Phutala

Phu-Ta-La

Aiyara

Ai-Ya-Ra

Saming

Sa-Ming

Kraison

Krai-Son

United Arab Emirates

Quffal

Quf-Faal

Daaman

Daa-Man

Deem

Deem

Gargoor

Gar-Goor

Yemen

Bakhur

Bakhoor

Ghwyzi

Ghwayzi

Hawf

Hawf

Balhaf

Balhaf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WMO/ESCAP Panel  Member countries

Column 9

Column 10

Column 11

Column 12

Column 13

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Name

Pron’

Bangladesh

Meghala

Meghla

Samiron

Somiron

Pratikul

Protikul

Sarobor

Sorobor

Mahanisha

Mohanisha

India

Prabhanjan

Prabhanjan

Ghurni

Ghurni

Ambud

Ambud

Jaladhi

Jaladhi

Vega

Vega

Iran

Arsham

Arsham

Hengame

Hengame

Savas

Savas

Tahamtan

Tahamtan

Toofan

Toofan

Maldives

Kurangi

Kurangi

Kuredhi

Kuredhi

Horangu

Horangu

Thundi

Thundi

Faana

Faana

Myanmar

Pinku

Pinnku

Yinkaung

Jin Gaun

Linyone

Lin Joun

Kyeekan

Kji Gan

Bautphat

Bau’hpa

Oman

Rukam

Roukaam

Watad

Wa Tad

Al-jarz

Al-Jarouz

Rabab

Ra Bab

Raad

Raad

Pakistan

Sarsar

Sar-Sar

Badban

Baad-Baan

Sarrab

Sarrab

Gulnar

Gul-Nar

Waseq

Waa-Seq

Qatar

Anbar

Anbar

Oud

Oud

Bahar

Bahar

Seef

Seef

Fanar

Fanaar

Saudi Arabia

Nakheel

Nakheel

Haboob

Haboob

Bareq

Bariq

Alreem

Areem

Wabil

Wobil

Sri Lanka

Viduli

Viduli

Ogha

Ogha

Salitha

Salitha

Rivi

Rivi

Rudu

Rudu

Thailand

Matcha

Mat-Cha

Mahingsa

Ma-Hing-Sa

Phraewa

Phrae-Wa

Asuri

A-Su-Ri

Thara

Tha-Ra

United Arab Emirates

Khubb

Khubb

Degl

Degl

Athmad

Ath-Md

Boom

Boom

Saffar

Saf-Faar

Yemen

Brom

Brom

Shuqra

Shuqrah

Fartak

Fartak

Darsah

Darsah

Samhah

Samhah

 

The list of names to be used in the South‑West Indian Ocean area for identifying tropical (or subtropical) storms that will develop during the next seasons within the area bounded by Equator to 40°S west of 90°E to the east coast of Africa, has been validated by the Tropical Cyclone Committee (TCC) at its last session. The three lists of names shown hereafter will serve as the reference and basis to establish the future lists, just rotating them forward and changing the names having been used operationally during the corresponding ended cyclone seasons, replacing them by new names provided by the Members (and never used before) at the next TCC session.

The name is chosen, following alphabetical order, from a predefined list of names validated for the basin and for the cyclone season of reference (starting each season with the name with the initial letter “A”), except when a tropical system already named in the South-East Indian Ocean (east of 90° E) shifts to the South-West Indian Ocean. In this case the original name is kept unchanged.

 

Cyclone Season

2020/2021
2021/2022
2019/2020
Contributor Name Contributor Name Contributor Name
France

 

Tanzania

Lesotho

Mauritius

Seychelles

Kenya

Mozambique

Botswana

Mauritius

Lesotho

South Africa

Malawi

Tanzania

France

Zimbabwe

Madagascar

Comoros

Seychelles

Eswatini

Mauritius

South Africa

Lesotho

Kenya

Malawi

Botswana

Mozambique

 

ALICIA

 

BONGOYO

CHALANE

DANILO

ELOISE

FARAJI

GUAMBE 

HABANA 

IMAN 

JOBO 

KANGA 

LUDZI 

MELINA 

NATHAN 

ONIAS 

PELAGIE

QUAMAR 

RITA 

SOLANI 

TARIK 

URILIA 

VUYANE 

WAGNER 

XUSA 

YARONA 

ZACARIAS

 

 

 

Mozambique

Zimbabwe

Madagascar

Eswatini

Comoros

South Africa

Tanzania

Malawi

Kenya

Mauritius

Seychelles

Lesotho

Botswana

Malawi

France

Tanzania

Kenya

Comoros

Mozambique

Eswatini

Botswana

Mauritius

South Africa

Madagascar

Zimbabwe

Lesotho

 

 

ANA

BATSIRAI

CLIFF

DUMAKO 

EMNATI

FEZILE 

GOMBE

HALIMA

ISSA

JASMINE

KARIM

LETLAMA

MAIPELO 

NJAZI 

OSCAR 

PAMELA 

QUENTIN 

RAJAB 

SAVANA 

THEMBA 

UYAPO 

VIVIANE 

WALTER 

XANGY 

YEMURAI 

ZANELE

 

Malawi

 

Mauritius

South Africa

Botswana

Zimbabwe

Mozambique

Eswatini

Seychelles

Madagascar

Kenya

Zimbabwe

Lesotho

France

Comoros

Mauritius

Malawi

Seychelles

Botswana

Comoros

France

Kenya

South Africa

Mozambique

Madagascar

Eswatini

Tanzania

 

AMBALI

BELNA

CALVINIA

DIANE

ESAMI

FRANCISCO

GABEKILE

HEROLD

IRONDRO

JERUTO

KUNDAI

LISEBO

MICHEL

NOUSRA

OLIVIER

POKERA

QUINCY

REBAONE

SALAMA

TRISTAN

URSULA

VIOLET

WILSON

XILA

YEKELA

ZAINA

 

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