Will Third Wave Be Severe? When Can Children Get COVID-19 Vaccine? AIIMS Chief Dr Randeep Guleria Tells NDTV

Will Third Wave Be Severe? When Can Children Get COVID-19 Vaccine? AIIMS Chief Dr Randeep Guleria Tells NDTVIndia is likely to start vaccinating children by September: Dr Randeep Guleria

New Delhi: Amid the discussions and conversations of the third wave of COVID-19 that could hit India soon, AIIMS Chief Randeep Guleria tells NDTV that the country may say a rise in the number of daily cases in the near future. Dr Guleria said that this timeline depends upon how Indians behave when it comes to the COVID appropriate behaviour and says that if more and more people are vaccinated, the third wave will not be as severe.

If we look at the sero survey, we can see that there is still a large number of people who are susceptible and they have not been vaccinated either. So they are likely to get the infection at some point which may lead to some increase in the number of cases. The spread of the infection will vary on the degree of vaccination in a particular area, the degree of COVID appropriate behaviour, and the degree of people who have already been infected based on the sero survey, Dr Guleria said.

Dr Guleria also said that the vaccines are working against hospitalisation and deaths due to COVID-19 and this has been seen in the UK where infections have gone up but the deaths and hospitalisation haven’t gone up.

Also Read: Understanding The Pace Of India’s Coronavirus Vaccination Drive

Dr Guleria also said that the country is likely to start vaccinating children by September. He further underlined that vaccinating children will be an important move to break the chain of transmission.

With over 44 crore doses of vaccines given in India so far, the country has inoculated nearly 6 per cent of its population while the government aims to vaccinate all adults by the end of this year.

I think Zydus has already done the trials and they’re waiting for the emergency authorisation. The Bharat Biotech’s Covaxin trials should be over by August or September, and by that time we should get approval. Pfizer vaccine has been already approved by the FDA (US regulator – Food and Drug Administration). Hopefully, by September, we should start vaccinating children, and that will be a big boost as far as breaking the chain of transmission is concerned, Dr Guleria said.

India is yet to clear a vaccine for children amid concern over a third wave. Recently, the European medicines watchdog approved the use of Moderna’s coronavirus vaccine for children aged 12 to 17. In May, the United States had authorised the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine for children aged 12 to 15 years old.

We need to get our own vaccines too, that’s why both Bharat Biotech and Zydus are important. Getting the Pfizer vaccine will also be helpful, as there is enough data to suggest it’s safe, but we can’t be sure if we will get the required numbers. We will hopefully have more than one vaccine for children by September, Dr Guleria explained,

Also Read: Impact Of COVID-19 On The Mental Health Of Children And How Parents Can Help Them

A study published earlier this week by The Lancet underlined that “living with 11-17 year olds increases the risk of COVID infection by 18-30 per cent.” Addressing this finding, Dr Guleria,

It’s an important issue. Vulnerable people like the elderly or those having illnesses are at an increased risk of getting the infection in such cases. That’s one of the reasons why people are worried about children going to school. they may get a mild infection, but they may pass it to their grandparents. We need more data, but this is something that has been shown even with influenza.

Furthermore, Dr Guleria also said that sero survey 4, which found that about 67 per cent of the country’s population has developed antibodies, is ‘encouraging to see.’

What is encouraging is the sero survey this time also looked at the younger population also. There was a lot of worry that children may be vulnerable in the third wave. The survey suggested that even children may have got the infection, and to some extent, they’re protected, he explained.

India can hope to reopen its schools fully by the end of this year as children get vaccinated, the AIIMS chief lastly said.

I personally feel, in a graded manner, physical classes should start. A lot of children who don’t have access to online classes are suffering. By October, November or end of the year, when children start getting vaccinated, we should be in a position that schools open fully, Dr Guleria said.

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to spread awareness about critical health issues facing the country. In wake of the current COVID-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is one of the ways to prevent Coronavirus infection and other diseases. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and healthcare for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anaemia and disease prevention through vaccines. Importance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or clean India where toilets are used and open defecation free (ODF) status achieved as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like diahorrea and become a Swasth or healthy India. The campaign will continue to cover issues like air pollutionwaste managementplastic banmanual scavenging and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene

World

19,53,13,710Cases

6,27,57,461Active

12,83,78,979Recovered

41,77,270Deaths

Coronavirus has spread to 194 countries. The total confirmed cases worldwide are 19,53,13,710 and 41,77,270 have died; 6,27,57,461 are active cases and 12,83,78,979 have recovered as on July 28, 2021 at 3:50 am.

India

3,14,84,605 43,654Cases

3,99,436 1,336Active

3,06,63,147 41,678Recovered

4,22,022 640Deaths

In India, there are 3,14,84,605 confirmed cases including 4,22,022 deaths. The number of active cases is 3,99,436 and 3,06,63,147 have recovered as on July 28, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State Details

State Cases Active Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

62,76,057 6,258

85,447 6,641

60,58,751 12,645

1,31,859 254

Kerala

33,05,245 22,129

1,45,876 8,558

31,43,043 13,415

16,326 156

Karnataka

28,97,664 1,501

22,510 570

28,38,717 2,039

36,437 32

Tamil Nadu

25,52,049 1,767

22,188 574

24,95,895 2,312

33,966 29

Andhra Pradesh

19,57,932 1,540

20,965 783

19,23,675 2,304

13,292 19

Uttar Pradesh

17,08,226 18

798 59

16,84,674 73

22,754 4

West Bengal

15,24,958 662

11,380 186

14,95,483 838

18,095 10

Delhi

14,36,026 77

570 33

14,10,410 42

25,046 2

Chhattisgarh

10,01,487 128

2,390 128

9,85,578 254

13,519 2

Odisha

9,70,814 1,629

15,830 400

9,49,350 1,969

5,634 60

Rajasthan

9,53,575 15

278 20

9,44,344 34

8,953 1

Gujarat

8,24,774 30

285 27

8,14,413 57

10,076

Madhya Pradesh

7,91,767 11

138 2

7,81,117 13

10,512

Haryana

7,69,796 26

701 10

7,59,471 34

9,624 2

Bihar

7,24,597 67

484 16

7,14,474 51

9,639

Telangana

6,42,436 645

9,237 88

6,29,408 729

3,791 4

Punjab

5,98,882 42

583 54

5,82,018 93

16,281 3

Assam

5,61,455 1,436

15,035 106

5,41,240 1,312

5,180 18

Jharkhand

3,47,022 39

247 1

3,41,650 37

5,125 1

Uttarakhand

3,41,874 96

659 21

3,33,854 73

7,361 2

Jammu And Kashmir

3,20,866 107

1,124 76

3,15,367 183

4,375

Himachal Pradesh

2,05,383 183

923 65

2,00,942 116

3,518 2

Goa

1,70,729 148

1,130 7

1,66,459 151

3,140 4

Puducherry

1,20,530 113

923 14

1,17,816 98

1,791 1

Manipur

94,821 1,165

10,802 278

82,521 876

1,498 11

Tripura

77,412 415

3,754 70

72,910 344

748 1

Meghalaya

62,473 710

5,332 248

56,101 453

1,040 9

Chandigarh

61,938 7

37 1

61,092 6

809

Arunachal Pradesh

46,800 443

4,287 32

42,292 472

221 3

Mizoram

35,297 1,845

10,924 1,420

24,233 422

140 3

Nagaland

27,472 110

1,316 60

25,606 45

550 5

Sikkim

25,616 277

3,075 105

22,208 170

333 2

Ladakh

20,314 5

70 0

20,037 5

207

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

10,639 2

44 1

10,591 3

4

Lakshadweep

10,149 8

82 0

10,018 8

49

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

7,530

12 2

7,389 2

129

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