French ambassador ‘literally being held hostage’ in Niger; Burkina Faso expels French attache


French President Emmanuel Macron looks in July 2023. (Getty)


French President Emmanuel Macron looks in July 2023. (Getty)

  • The French ambassador to Niger and staff “are literally being held hostage”, President Emmanuel Macron said.
  • Meanwhile, neighbour Burkina Faso on Friday expelled the French defence attache.
  • The French government has refused to withdraw Sylvain Itte as Niger’s coup leaders demanded.

President Emmanuel Macron has said that France’s envoy to Niger is living like a hostage in the French embassy and accused military rulers of blocking food deliveries to the mission.

The ambassador is living off “military rations”, Macron told reporters in the eastern town of Semur-en-Auxois on Friday.

“As we speak, we have an ambassador and diplomatic staff who are literally being held hostage in the French embassy,” he said.

“They are preventing food deliveries,” he said, in an apparent reference to Niger’s new military rulers. “He is eating military rations.”

Niger’s military leaders told French ambassador Sylvain Itte he had to leave the country after they overthrew President Mohamed Bazoum on July 26.

But a 48-hour ultimatum for him to leave, issued in August, passed with him still in place as the French government refused to comply, or to recognise the military government as legitimate.

The coup has been condemned by France and most of Niger’s neighbours.

Macron said the envoy “cannot go out, he is persona non grata and he is being refused food”.

Asked whether France would consider bringing him home, Macron said: “I will do whatever we agree with President Bazoum because he is the legitimate authority and I speak with him every day.”

France keeps about 1,500 soldiers in Niger and said earlier this month that any redeployment could only be negotiated with Bazoum.

The country’s new leaders have torn up military cooperation agreements with France and asked the troops to leave quickly.

Meanwhile, across the border

On Friday, the foreign minister of neighbouring country Burkina Faso notified France of the expulsion of the embassy’s military attache for “subversive activities”, in an official letter seen by AFP on Friday.

The ministry said attache Emmanuel Pasquier and his team had two weeks to leave the country, which underwent two military coups last year.

The letter did not elaborate on what Pasquier did to prompt his expulsion. It said the defence section of the Burkina Faso embassy in Paris had been closed with immediate effect.

Burkina Faso’s self-appointed transition government has already ordered the departure of France’s ambassador and that of senior United Nations official Barbara Manzi. There has also been a crackdown on French media.

Refusing to leave Niger

Macron has for weeks rejected the call to remove the French ambassador in Niger, a stance backed by the EU which has described the demand as “a provocation”.

Like France, said EU foreign affairs spokesperson Nabila Massrali last month, the EU “does not recognise” the authorities that seized power in Niger.

The impoverished Sahel region south of the Sahara has suffered what Macron has called an “epidemic” of coups in recent years, with military regimes replacing elected governments in Mali, Burkina Faso and Guinea as well as Niger.

Last week, Colonel Amadou Abdramane, a spokesperson for Niger’s coup leaders, accused France of gathering forces and equipment in West African countries with a view to launching a “military intervention” against Niamey.

Niger is also embroiled in a standoff with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which has threatened to intervene militarily if diplomatic pressure to return Bazoum to office fails.

Additional reporting by AFP and Reuters



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